Jumat, 18 Mei 2018

Coba 10 Tips ini untuk Meningkatkan Writing Skill Bahasa Inggris Kalian !!!

Coba 10 Tips ini untuk Meningkatkan Writing Skill Bahasa Inggris Kalian


Halo jumpa lagi di blog Bahasa Inggrisku, kali ini saya ingin berbagi pada para pembaca bagaimana caranya kita meningkatkan kemampuan menulis kita dalam bahasa Inggris.

Jika sekarang kalian dalam persiapan mengikuti tes TOEFL atau IELTS atau untuk keperluan akademis maupun untuk keperluan pekerjaan atau bisnis, artikel kali ini bisa menjadi artikel yang perlu kalian baca sampai habis.


writing skill, belajar bahasa inggris, TOEFL, IELTS, business english, tips belajar bahasa Inggris, bahasa inggrisku, www.bahasainggrisku.com

Hal pertama yang perlu kita perhatikan adalah bahwa menulis di sini erat kaitannya dengan membentuk 'strong sentence' bukan sekedar kalimat yang sering kita gunakan dalam berinteraksi atau berkomentar di kolom komentar di sosial media.

Oleh karena itu, perlu mempelajarinya layaknya kita belajar bahasa Indonesia di sekolah-sekolah.

Wah, bakalan seram ni?

Tenang saja karena kali ini saya ingin mensharingkan 10 tips yang akan sangat berguna bagi para pembaca semua.

Nah, berikut ini tips-tips yang bisa kalian gunakan.


#1 Keep it Simple ! 


Simple done accurately is better than complicated one inaccurately!

Yang paling penting untuk kita ingat bersama bahwa kalimat kita harus jelas, setidaknya susunan seperti S V O nya harus nampak.

Tidak masalah kalau kalimat kita tidak menggunakan istilah yang aneh-aneh karena yang terpenting adalah ide pokok yang ingin kita sampaikan.

Pernah dengar istilah KISS 'Keep It Simple Stupid' atau 'Keep It Super Simple'.



#2 Prepare key phrases


Nah, setelah kita tahu apa yang ingin kita sampaikan dengan kalimat yang lebih simple kita juga harus tahu apa-apa saja prasa-prasa kunci yang baik kita gunakan dalam kalimat.

Berikut ini list sederhana yang bisa kita gunakan dalam merangkai sebuah kalimat.

to compare : in the same way, at the same time
to contrast : on the contrary, however
to give examples : for instance, to illustrate
to give your opinion: from my perspective, from my point of view
to generalize : overall, all things considered
to express certainty : undoubtedly, of course
to express partial agreement : in a way, to some extent
to show cause : owing to, due to
to show effect : for this reason, consequently
to mark time : to begin with, following this
to add information : furthermore, moreover
to express condition : unless, provided that
to conclude         : in summary, in short

Kalian juga bisa menambahkan list prasa yang lain.


#3 Don't use Contractions


Beberapa contoh contraction dalam bahasa Inggris adalah

Don't (do not)
can't (cannot)
shouldn't (should not)
couldn't (could not)
wouldn't (would not)
isn't (is not)
haven't (have not)
hasn't (has not)

Mungkin selama ini banyak yang berpikir kalau menggunakan singkatan-singkatan dalam itu terlihat keren dan natural.

Untuk berkomunikasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari mungkin bisa dilakukan tapi untuk tes formal seperti TOEFL atau IELTS hal seperti ini tidak diperbolehkan dan bisa mengurangi poin skor Anda.

Jadi lebih baik sekarang belajar menggunakan kalimat yang baku tanpa contraction.



#4 Avoid there is/there are


Seperti yang sudah dijelaskan pada poin pertama, sehingga idenya harus padat dan jelas. To the point !!!

Salah satunya adalah kita sebaiknya menghindari penggunaan kata 'there is' atau 'there are'.

Sekali lagi ini bertujuan agar kita bisa membentuk kalimat yang baik.

Berikut beberapa contohnya bagaimana kita menghilangkan there is dan there are tanpa mengubah makna kalimatnya.

a) There are many issues that student face at university
b) Students face many issues at university

a) There are many development projects that the UN supports
b) The UN supports many development projects



#5 Avoid really, very, a lot, so


Dalam percakapan sehari-hari, mungkin kita sering mendengar kata-kata seperti really, very, a lot atau so tapi ketika berhadapan dengan tes-tes formal, penggunaan kata ini harus dihindari.

Menggunakan kata-kata seperti ini akan membuat kalimat kita terlihat lemah.

Berikut contohnya :

a) Many students think university is very hard
Many students think university is difficult

b) Bill 399 is really controversial
Bill 399 is controversial

c1) A lot of students...
Many students...

'Many' digunakan untuk 'Countable noun' atau kata benda yang dapat dihitung.

c2) A lot of time is wasted...
Much time is wasted...

'Much' digunakan untuk 'Uncountable noun' atau kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung.




#6 Passive Voice vs Active Voice 


Dalam topik-topik science, mungkin lazim untuk menggunakan passive voice walaupun porsinya tidak banyak namun untuk topik di luar itu ada baiknya kita menggunakan active voice.

Secara sederhana perhatikan contohnya di bawah ini.

Passive : Healthcare reforms were implemented by Obama
Active : Obama implemented healthcare reforms

Passive : The war was won by the French
Active : The French won the war

Jika kita amati kalimat active voice di atas, kita akan melihat bahwa kalimat active ini terdiri dari S V O dan lebih simple bukan.



#7 Use Strong Verbs


Untuk membentuk 'Strong Sentence' kita harus juga memperhatikan 'Strong Verb'.

Bingung apa itu?

Perhatikan kedua kalimat di bawah ini.

Weak verb : He gave assistance to my friend 
Strong verb : He assisted my friend

Dari kalimat di atas, kata 'assistance' bisa selain merupakan kata benda juga digunakan sebagai kata kerja dan AHA kata ini memiliki kata kerja sendiri yaitu assisted.

Jadi pertemuan dua kata kerja seperti di atas bisa kita hilangkan. 

Perhatikan contoh lain berikut !

Weak verb : Made an objection
Strong verb : objected

Weak verb : conducted an investigation
Strong verb : investigated

Weak verb : did an audit
Strong verb : audited


#8 Read the right materials


Apa yang bisa kita tulis biasanya berasal dari apa yang selama ini kita baca. 

Oleh karena itu, ada baiknya untuk mempersiapkan tes kita beberapa bulan sebelumnya sudah beradaptasi dengan membaca banyak artikel, laporan, essay atau review.

Contoh beberapa media yang sering menggunakan bahasa formal adalah surat kabar, jurnal ilmiah atau majalah National Geographic yang bisa kalian akses di internet.



#9 Get your work checked


Sekarang sudah jamannya media sosial, kalian bisa menggunakannya untuk menemukan orang yang bisa dimintai tolong untuk mengoreksi latihan kita.

Kalau pun tidak ada teman tidak ada salahnya untuk mencoba menggunakan kelas online di iTalki misalnya.

Tidak gratis sih tapi kadang kita juga harus membayar untuk mendapatkan hasil yang memuaskan.

Tapi guru-guru yang kalian bayar pasti akan senang hati membantu kalian (iya donk kan dibayar!)



#10  Check your own work


Nah, setelah mengerjakan tes ada baiknya menggunakan waktu yang tersisa untuk mengecek kembali, spelling, grammar jangan sampai kesalahan-kesalahan kecil mengurangi skor Anda.

Karena seringkali kita lalai bahkan lupa dengan tanda baca atau penulisan kata yang keliru akibat terburu-buru dan sebagainya.

Jadi jangan lupa untuk melihat sekilas hasil kerjaan kita.


Berikut video lain yang bisa kalian tonton untuk memahami penjelasan di atas.

Nah, sekian dulu artikel kali ini. 

Semoga tulisan tentang tips ini dapat meningkatkan kemampuan kita menulis dalam bahasa Inggris dan dapat berguna bagi perkembangan skill kita.

Akhir kata, terima kasih sudah membaca sampai ketemu di postingan saya yang lain.

Keep learning !!!

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Coba 10 Tips ini untuk Meningkatkan Writing Skill Bahasa Inggris Kalian !!!
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